Ma hope o nā kūʻē lāhui, hoʻokahuli ʻia nā kiʻi kūmau ma US

Ma waena o ʻAmelike Hui Pū ʻIa, nā ʻekahi o nā alakaʻi Confederate a me nā mea mōʻaukala ʻē aʻe i pili i ka kauā kauā a me ka luku ʻia ʻana o nā ʻōiwi ʻAmelika e wāwahi ʻia ana, hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻia, hoʻoneʻe ʻia a hoʻoneʻe ʻia paha ma hope o nā kūʻē e pili ana i ka make ʻana o George Floyd, he kanaka ʻeleʻele, i ka mākaʻi. mālama ma Mei 25 ma Minneapolis.

Ma New York, ua hoʻolaha ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻAmelika o ka Mōʻaukala Kūlohelohe i ka Lāpule e hemo ana i kahi kiʻi o Theodore Roosevelt, ka pelekikena 26th US, mai waho o kāna puka komo nui. Hōʻike ke kiʻi iā Roosevelt ma luna o ka lio, pili ʻia e kekahi ʻAmelika ʻAmelika a me kahi ʻōiwi ʻAmelika i ka wāwae. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ka hale hōʻikeʻike i kāna mea e hana ai me ke kiʻi.

Ma Houston, ʻelua mau kiʻi Confederate i nā pāka lehulehu i kāʻili ʻia. ʻO kekahi o kēlā mau kiʻi, ʻo ka ʻUhane o ka Confederacy, kahi kiʻi keleawe e kū ana i ka ʻānela me ka pahi kaua a me ka lālā pāma, kū i Sam Park Park ma kahi o 100 mau makahiki a aia i kēia manawa i kahi hale mālama hale.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ke kūlanakauhale e neʻe i ke kiʻi i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo ʻAmelike ʻAmelika ʻAmelika.

ʻOiai ke kāhea nei kekahi a hana i ka hana e kāpae i nā kiʻi Confederate, pale aku kekahi poʻe iā lākou.

Ma Richmond, Virginia, ua lilo ke kiʻi o Confederate general Robert E. Leee i kikowaena o ka hakakā. Ua koi ka poʻe kūʻē i ke kiʻi e lawe ʻia i lalo, a ua hāʻawi ke kiaʻāina ʻo Virginia Ralph Northam i kahi kauoha e hemo.

Eia naʻe, ua kāohi ʻia ke kauoha ma ke ʻano he hui o nā ʻona waiwai i waiho i ka hoʻopiʻi ma ka ʻaha pekelala e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana e hoʻoneʻe ke kiʻi i nā kiʻi e pili ana i ka waiwai.

Ua hoʻoholo ka luna kānāwai Pekelala ʻo Bradley Cavedo i ka pule i hala aku nei ʻo ke kiʻi ka waiwai o nā kānaka e pili ana i ka hana o ke kūkulu ʻana mai 1890. Ua hoʻopuka ʻo ia i kahi kauoha e pāpā ana i ka mokuʻāina mai ka lawe ʻana i mua o ka hoʻoholo hope loa ʻana.

Ua ʻike ʻia kahi noiʻi 2016 e ka South Poverty Law Center, kahi hui hoʻolaha kū kānāwai ʻole nonprofit, aia ma mua o 1,500 lehulehu nā hōʻailona Confederate ma waena o ka US ma ke ʻano o nā kiʻi, nā hae, nā palapala laikini mokuʻāina, nā inoa o nā kula, nā alanui, nā pāka, nā lā nui. a me nā kahua koa, ka mea nui i ka hema.

ʻO ka nui o nā kiʻi a me nā kia hoʻomanaʻo Confederate ma mua o 700.

Nā manaʻo ʻokoʻa

Ua kāhea ka National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, kahi hui pono kīwila, no ka hemo ʻana o nā hōʻailona Confederate mai nā wahi lehulehu a me nā aupuni no nā makahiki. Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi mau manaʻo ʻokoʻa e pili ana i ka hana me nā mea kahiko o ka mōʻaukala.

"Ua haehae wau e pili ana i kēia no ka mea ʻo kēia ka hōʻike o kā mākou mōʻaukala, ʻo kēia ka hōʻike o ka mea a mākou i manaʻo ai ua maikaʻi," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Tony Brown, he polofesa ʻeleʻele o ka sociology a me ka luna o ka lāhui Racism a me ka lāhui ʻike kaiāulu ma ke Kulanui Rice. "I ka manawa like, he ʻeha paha kā mākou i loko o ke kaiāulu, a ʻaʻole mākou e manaʻo ua maikaʻi a makemake mākou e hemo i nā kiʻi."

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Brown makemake ʻo ia e ʻike i ke kū ʻana o nā kiʻi.

"Makemake mākou e keʻokeʻo i ko mākou mōʻaukala. Makemake mākou e ʻōlelo i ka racism ʻaʻole ʻāpana o ka mea a mākou, ʻaʻole ʻāpana o kā mākou kūkulu, ʻaʻole ʻāpana o kā mākou waiwai. No laila, ke lawe ʻoe i kahi kiʻi, ke keʻokeʻo nei ʻoe i kā mākou mōʻaukala, a mai ia manawa i mua, makemake ia i ka poʻe e hoʻoneʻe i ke kiʻi e lawa kā lākou hana, "i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

ʻAʻole e hele i nā mea akā ʻo ka hana ʻana i nā mea i ʻike ʻia me ka pōʻaiapili ʻo ia nō ka pehea e hoʻomaopopo ai i ka poʻe i ka hohonu o ka racism i loko, hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo Brown.

"ʻO ke kālā o ko mākou lāhui i hana ʻia mai ka pulupulu, a paʻi ʻia kā mākou kālā a pau me nā kāne keʻokeʻo, a ʻo kekahi o lākou he kauā kauā. Ke hōʻike ʻoe i kēlā ʻano hōʻike, ʻōlelo ʻoe, kali kali, uku mākou i nā mea me ka pulupulu i paʻi ʻia me nā haku kauā. A laila ʻike ʻoe i ka hohonu o ka hoʻokomo ʻia o ka lāhui, "i ʻōlelo ai ʻo ia.

ʻO James Douglas, he loea loio ma ke Kulanui o Texas Hema a ʻo ka pelekikena o ka mokuna ʻo Houston o ka NAACP, makemake e ʻike i ka lawe ʻia ʻana o nā kiʻi Confederate.

"ʻAʻohe o lākou pili i ke Kaua Kivila. Ua kūkulu ʻia nā kiʻi e hoʻohanohano i nā koa Confederate a e hoʻomaopopo i ko ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e noho mana ana ka poʻe keʻokeʻo. Ua kūkulu ʻia lākou i mea e hōʻike ai ka mana o ka poʻe keʻokeʻo ma luna o ʻAmelika ʻApelika, "i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Hoʻoholo ʻia ka hoʻoholo

ʻO Douglas kekahi mea hoʻohewa no ka hoʻoholo a Houston e neʻe i ka ʻUhane o ke kiʻi Confederacy i ka hale hōʻikeʻike.

"ʻO kēia kiʻi e hoʻohanohano i nā koa i hakakā no nā kuleana o ka mokuʻāina, ʻo ia ka mea i hakakā e mālama i nā ʻAmelika ʻAmelika ma ke ʻano he kauā. Manaʻo ʻoe e manaʻo paha kekahi e kau i kahi kiʻi i loko o kahi Hale Hōʻikeʻike Holocaust nāna i ʻōlelo ua kūkulu ʻia kēia kiʻi e hoʻohanohano i ka poʻe i luku i nā Iudaio i loko o ke keʻena kinoea? Ua nīnau ʻo ia.

ʻO nā kiʻi a me nā mea hoʻomanaʻo no ka hoʻohanohano ʻana i ka poʻe, wahi a Douglas. Ke waiho wale nei iā lākou i kahi hale hōʻikeʻike ʻAmelika ʻAmelika ʻaʻole ia e lawe i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e hoʻohanohano nā kiʻi iā lākou.

No Brown, waiho ʻana i nā kia hoʻomanaʻo i wahi ʻaʻole hoʻohanohano i kēlā kanaka.

"Iaʻu, hōʻike ia i ke kula. Ke loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi kiʻi Confederate, ʻaʻole ia e ʻōlelo e pili ana i ke kanaka. ʻLelo ʻia e pili ana i ke alakaʻi. ʻLelo ia i kekahi mea e pili ana i nā poʻe āpau i kau inoa pū i kēlā kiʻi, ʻo kēlā me kēia mea i ʻōlelo ʻia aia kēlā kiʻi. Manaʻo wau ʻaʻole ʻoe makemake e holoi i kēlā mōʻaukala, ”i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Brown e hoʻolōʻihi ka manawa o ka poʻe i ka helu ʻana pehea pehea ia "ua hoʻoholo mākou ʻo kā mākou mau koa ia e hoʻomaka ai, me ka helu ʻana pehea mākou i hoʻoholo ai ua maikaʻi kēlā mau kiʻi".

Ke koi nei ka neʻe ʻeleʻele Lives Matter iā ʻAmelika e nānā hou i kāna mea i hala ma mua o nā kiʻi Confederate.

Ua wehe ʻo HBO i kahi manawa i ka kiʻi 1939 Gone me ka Wind mai kāna mau mōhai pūnaewele i ka pule i hala a ke manaʻo nei e hoʻokuʻu hou i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni me kahi kūkākūkā o kāna moʻolelo. Ua hoʻohewa ʻia ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni no ka hoʻohanohano ʻana i ka kauā.

Eia kekahi, i ka pule i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Quaker Oats Co e hemo ana i ke kiʻi o kahi wahine ʻeleʻele mai ka ʻūlū ʻana o kāna syrup 130 makahiki a me ka pancake mix brand ʻAnakē Jemima a hoʻololi i kona inoa. Ua ukali ʻo Mars Inc i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka hemo ʻana i ke kiʻi o kahi kanaka ʻeleʻele mai ka ʻūlū ʻana o kāna inoa laiki kaulana ʻo ʻAnakala Ben a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e kapa hou ʻia ka inoa.

Ua hoʻohewa ʻia nā māka ʻelua no kā lākou kiʻi stereotypical a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hanohano e hōʻike ana i ka manawa i hoʻohana ai ka poʻe hema hema i ka “ʻanakē” a i ʻole “ʻanakala” no ka mea ʻaʻole lākou i makemake e ʻōlelo i ka poʻe ʻeleʻele ma ke ʻano he “Mr” a “Mrs” paha.

ʻIke ʻelua Brown lāua ʻo Douglas i ka neʻe a HBO i kahi neʻe, akā ʻike lāua i ka neʻe ʻana o nā ʻoihana hui ʻelua.

Hōʻike maikaʻi ʻole

"ʻO ia ka mea kūpono e hana ai," wahi a Douglas. "Loaʻa iā mākou nā hui nui e hoʻomaopopo i ka fallacy o kā lākou ala. 'Sayinglelo lākou,' makemake mākou e loli no ka mea ʻike mākou he hōʻike maikaʻi ʻole kēia o ʻAmelika ʻAmelika. ' ʻIke lākou i kēia manawa a ke kipaku nei iā lākou. ”

No Brown, ʻo nā neʻe kekahi ala ʻē aʻe no nā hui e kūʻai aku i nā huahana hou aku.

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Hoʻāʻo ka poʻe kūʻē e huki i ke kiʻi o Andrew Jackson, ka pelekikena mua o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ma Lafayette Park i mua o ka White House i ka wā kūʻē kūlike ʻole o ka lāhui ma Wakinekona, DC, i ka Pōʻakahi. JOSHUA ROBERTS / REUTERS


Ka manawa Post: Jul-25-2020